- LS&R 1575
- 23 feb 2018
Supreme Court of the Netherlands 3 November 2017, IEF 17300; LS&R 1539 (Merck Sharp & Dohme v. Teva Pharma and Pharmachemie; English translation of IEF 17241) Patent. Swiss-type claim. Classic second medical indication.
3.5 Against the background of all of the foregoing factors, cassation grounds 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3 correctly complain that the distinction drawn by the Appellate Court in the scope of protection of patents for the 'classic second medical indication' and the 'sub-group indication', mentioned at 4.2 of the contested judgment, is an incorrect distinction. As follows from the deliberations at 3.4.4 above, it is necessary in all cases of Swiss-type claims for (direct) infringement, and also sufficient, that the average person skilled in the art will consider that the substance is (also) intended for or suited to the treatment covered by the second medical indication patent, that the manufacturer or seller foresees or ought to foresee that the generic drug he manufactures or offers will intentionally be used for that treatment and that he does not take the steps specified above in 3.4.4. There is no place in the system of the EPC for a categorical distinction between the two types of second medical indications, introduced in abstracto, as done by the Appellate Court at the end of 4.4 – in relation to the specifically indicated use. The remaining complaints in cassation ground 1 require no discussion. The same applies to cassation ground 2.